Course Details

ELE 623 Electromagnetic Wave Theory I
2021-2022 Fall term information

The course is not open this term

Timing data are obtained using weekly schedule program tables. To make sure whether the course is cancelled or time-shifted for a specific week one should consult the supervisor and/or follow the announcements.

Course definition tables are extracted from the ECTS Course Catalog web site of Hacettepe University ( in real-time and displayed here. Please check the appropriate page on the original site against any technical problems. Course data last updated on 24/01/2022.


Course Name Code Semester Theory
Credit ECTS
Course languageTurkish
Course typeElective 
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-Face 
Learning and teaching strategiesLecture
Question and Answer
Problem Solving
Instructor (s)Department Faculty 
Course objectiveIt is aimed to give the following topics to the students; Maxwell's Equations, boundary conditions, basic theorems of electromagnetics, vector and scalar potentials, Hertz potentials, classification of materials by constitutive relation parameters, Solutions of Wave Equation in a source-free medium, wave polarization, reflection, refraction, dispersion, Complex waves with emphasis on trapped surface waves and Zenneck waves, introduction to waves in inhomogeneous media, Solution of wave equation in guided structures, metallic and dielectric waveguides, cavities, Polarization and dispersion in lossy dielectrics, wave equation solutions in anisotropic media through examples of magnetoplasma and ferrites, to form a solid foundation in propagation, reflection, refraction so that the students can apply the principles of electromagnetic wave theory and methods of solutions to the problems which they may encounter within their studies/thesis/projects.  
Learning outcomes
  1. L.O.1. Form the problem statement using Maxwell's Equations, Hertz potentials and the fundamental theorems of electromagnetics in a given geometry, boundary conditions, constitutive relations,
  2. L.O.2. Formulate the problem of wave equation in differential or integral equation form,
  3. L.O.3. Identify the method of solution by keeping in mind the geometry of problem, boundary conditions and frequency,
  4. L.O.4. Apply the appropriate solution techniques of differential and/or integral equations and obtain particular solution using boundary values/conditions,
  5. L.O.5. Have the foundations to solve real life problems in wave propagation in simple/inhomogeneous/anisotropic source-free medium, and guided structures like microwave guides, RF devices and fiber optic cables.
Course ContentMaxwell's Equations in differential and integral form,
Constitutive Relations and Parameters,
Boundary Conditions (Dirichlet, Neumann, Cauchy, Sommerfeld),
Scalar/Vector/Hertz Potentials,
Symmetry, Duality, Uniqueness, Conservation, Reciprocity Theorems,
Wave Equation in a source-free medium,
Wave Polarization, Specular Reflection and Refraction, Fresnel Coefficients,
Complex Waves, trapped surface waves, Zenneck waves,
Introduction to wave equation formulations and example solution methods in inhomogeneous media,
Waves in guided structures, conductive rectangular and cylindrical waveguides, dielectric waveguides with examples in step-index and graded-index fiber optic cables,
Dispersion in waveguides,
Material polarization, dispersion, mixing formulas,
Wave equation formulation and solution in cold magnetoplasma (ionosphere),
Wave equation formulation and solution in ferrites (RF phase shifters).
ReferencesIshimaru, A., Electromagnetic Wave Propagation, Radiation and Scattering, Prentice Hall, 1991.

Kong, J.A., Electromagnetic Wave Theory, John Wiley, 1986.

Chew, W.C., Waves and Fields in Inhomogeneous Media, Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1990.

Balanis, C.A., Advanced Engineering Electromagnetics, John Wiley, 1989.

Course outline weekly

Week 1Maxwell?s Equations in differential and integral form, Constitutive Relations and Parameters, Boundary Conditions (Dirichlet, Neumann, Cauchy, Sommerfeld)
Week 2Scalar/Vector/Hertz Potentials, Symmetry, Duality, Uniqueness and Reciprocity Theorems, Conservation of Power (Poynting) and Momentum Theorems
Week 3Formulation and solution of wave equation in a source-free, free space in both time and phasor domains, Wave Polarization
Week 4Phase Matching, Specular Reflection, Refraction for both TM and TE Polarizations
Week 5Snell?s Laws, Fresnel Reflection/Reflection Coefficients, Brewster?s Angle, Critical Angle
Week 6Complex Waves, Trapped Surface Wave, Zenneck Waves
Week 7Wave equation formulation and solution in inhomogeneous media, WKB solution, Bremmer Series
Week 8Midterm Exam
Week 9Wave equation in a guided medium, rectangular and cylindrical metallic waveguides
Week 10Dispersion in waveguides, dielectric waveguides, step-index and graded-index optical fibres
Week 11Rectangular, Cylindrical and Spherical Cavities and examples of wave equation solution in cavities such as microwave ovens, microstrip antennas, frequency measurement in a waveguide, whistler waves, ELF propagation
Week 12Material Polarization, Dispersion, Mixing Formulas
Week 13Wave equation formulation in an anisotropic medium, solution of wave equation in cold magnetoplasma (ionosphere), Ordinary/Extraordinary waves, Faraday Rotation
Week 14Solution of wave equation in ferrites
Week 15Final exam
Week 16Final exam

Assesment methods

Course activitiesNumberPercentage
Field activities00
Specific practical training00
Final exam140
Percentage of semester activities contributing grade succes060
Percentage of final exam contributing grade succes040

Workload and ECTS calculation

Activities Number Duration (hour) Total Work Load
Course Duration (x14) 14 3 42
Laboratory 0 0 0
Specific practical training000
Field activities000
Study Hours Out of Class (Preliminary work, reinforcement, ect)14570
Presentation / Seminar Preparation000
Homework assignment4832
Midterms (Study duration)14545
Final Exam (Study duration) 15050
Total Workload34111239

Matrix Of The Course Learning Outcomes Versus Program Outcomes

D.9. Key Learning OutcomesContrubition level*
1. Has general and detailed knowledge in certain areas of Electrical and Electronics Engineering in addition to the required fundamental knowledge.    X
2. Solves complex engineering problems which require high level of analysis and synthesis skills using theoretical and experimental knowledge in mathematics, sciences and Electrical and Electronics Engineering.    X
3. Follows and interprets scientific literature and uses them efficiently for the solution of engineering problems.   X 
4. Designs and runs research projects, analyzes and interprets the results.   X 
5. Designs, plans, and manages high level research projects; leads multidiciplinary projects.   X 
6. Produces novel solutions for problems.   X 
7. Can analyze and interpret complex or missing data and use this skill in multidiciplinary projects.  X  
8. Follows technological developments, improves him/herself , easily adapts to new conditions.    X 
9. Is aware of ethical, social and environmental impacts of his/her work.X    
10. Can present his/her ideas and works in written and oral form effectively; uses English effectively X   

*1 Lowest, 2 Low, 3 Average, 4 High, 5 Highest

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