Course Details

ELE 624 Electromagnetic Wave Theory II
2021-2022 Fall term information

The course is open this term
Supervisor(s):Dr. Feza Arękan
SSTuesday15:00 - 17:45

Timing data are obtained using weekly schedule program tables. To make sure whether the course is cancelled or time-shifted for a specific week one should consult the supervisor and/or follow the announcements.

Course definition tables are extracted from the ECTS Course Catalog web site of Hacettepe University ( in real-time and displayed here. Please check the appropriate page on the original site against any technical problems. Course data last updated on 24/01/2022.


Course Name Code Semester Theory
Credit ECTS
Course languageTurkish
Course typeElective 
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-Face 
Learning and teaching strategiesLecture
Question and Answer
Problem Solving
Instructor (s)Department Faculty 
Course objectiveIt is aimed to give the following topics to the students; Green's Functions and solution techniques, Aperture radiation, Fresnel and Fraunhofer Diffraction, A general overview of radiating systems: antennas and arrays, Basics of scattering theory, Extinction Theory, vector Green's Function, Formulation of radar cross section, radar range equation and application of scattering theory to canonical objects, to form a solid foundation in diffraction, radiation and scattering theory, so that the students can apply the principles of electromagnetic wave theory and methods of solutions to the problems which they may encounter within their studies/thesis/projects.  
Learning outcomes
  1. L.O.1. Form the problem statement using Green's Functions in given geometry, boundary conditions, using the methods introduced in the course,
  2. L.O.2. Formulate the problem of wave diffraction, radiation and/or scattering in differential or integral equation form,
  3. L.O.3. Identify the method of solution by keeping in mind the geometry of problem, boundary conditions and frequency,
  4. L.O.4. Apply the appropriate solution techniques of differential and/or integral equations and obtain particular solution using boundary values/conditions,
  5. L.O.5. Have the foundations to solve real life problems in wave diffraction, radiation and scattering in source-free medium, such as slits, wire antennas, aperture antennas, arrays, scattering from canonical objects, computation of radar cross section and formulation of radar range equation.
Course ContentDerivation of Green's Function for one dimensional mechanical systems,
Properties of Green's Function,
Formulation of Green's Function in series of eigenfunctions, in solution of a homogeneous differential equation, and by Fourier Transform,
Huygen's Principle and Extinction Theorem,
Kirchhoff Approximation,
Fresnel and Fraunhofer Diffraction,
Vector Green's Theorem, Stratton-Chu Formula, Equivalence Theorem,
Fundamentals of radiation theory, application of antenna theory in wire, aperture and array antennas,
Fundamentals of scattering theory, cross sections and scattering amplitude,
Radar Range Equation,
Rayleigh scattering, Born Approximation, Mie Scattering,
Fundamentals of polarimetric radar,
Formulation of wave scattering from canonical objects such as dielectric and conducting cylinders, spheres and wedges.
ReferencesIshimaru, A. , Electromagnetic Wave Propagation, Radiation and Scattering, Prentice Hall, 1991.

Kong, J.A. , Electromagnetic Wave Theory, John Wiley, 1986.

Balanis, C.A. , Advanced Engineering Electromagnetics, John Wiley, 1989.

Course outline weekly

Week 1Derivation of Green?s Function for one dimensional mechanical systems,
Week 2Formulation of Green?s Function in series of eigenfunctions, in solution of a homogeneous differential equation, and by Fourier Transform
Week 3Applications in excitation with a dipole in rectangular, cylindrical and spherical geometries
Week 4Huygen?s Principle and Extinction Theorem, Kirchhoff Approximation
Week 5Diffraction theory, Fresnel and Fraunhofer Diffraction
Week 6Beam Waves, Goos-Hanchen Effect
Week 7Vector Green?s Theorem, Stratton-Chu Formula, Equivalence Theorem
Week 8Midterm Exam
Week 9Fundamentals of radiation theory, application of antenna theory in wire antennas
Week 10Aperture and array antennas
Week 11Fundamentals of scattering theory, cross sections and scattering amplitude, Radar Range Equation
Week 12Fundamentals of polarimetric radar, Stoke?s parameters, application to circular and elliptical cross sections
Week 13Plane wave incidence on a dielectric cylinder, conducting cylinder, Large cylinders and Watson Transform
Week 14Mie scattering from dielectric spheres, and scattering from wedges due to excitation from a dipole
Week 15Final exam
Week 16Final exam

Assesment methods

Course activitiesNumberPercentage
Field activities00
Specific practical training00
Final exam140
Percentage of semester activities contributing grade succes060
Percentage of final exam contributing grade succes040

Workload and ECTS calculation

Activities Number Duration (hour) Total Work Load
Course Duration (x14) 14 3 42
Laboratory 0 0 0
Specific practical training000
Field activities000
Study Hours Out of Class (Preliminary work, reinforcement, ect)14570
Presentation / Seminar Preparation000
Homework assignment4832
Midterms (Study duration)14545
Final Exam (Study duration) 15353
Total Workload34114242

Matrix Of The Course Learning Outcomes Versus Program Outcomes

D.9. Key Learning OutcomesContrubition level*
1. Has general and detailed knowledge in certain areas of Electrical and Electronics Engineering in addition to the required fundamental knowledge.    X
2. Solves complex engineering problems which require high level of analysis and synthesis skills using theoretical and experimental knowledge in mathematics, sciences and Electrical and Electronics Engineering.    X
3. Follows and interprets scientific literature and uses them efficiently for the solution of engineering problems.   X 
4. Designs and runs research projects, analyzes and interprets the results.   X 
5. Designs, plans, and manages high level research projects; leads multidiciplinary projects.   X 
6. Produces novel solutions for problems.   X 
7. Can analyze and interpret complex or missing data and use this skill in multidiciplinary projects.  X  
8. Follows technological developments, improves him/herself , easily adapts to new conditions.    X 
9. Is aware of ethical, social and environmental impacts of his/her work.X    
10. Can present his/her ideas and works in written and oral form effectively; uses English effectively   X 

*1 Lowest, 2 Low, 3 Average, 4 High, 5 Highest

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